Ilaria Favretto is Professor of Contemporary European History at Kingston University. She obtained her first degree in Milan and then a PhD at Queen Mary College (University of London). After a post-doctoral fellowship at St Antony's College, Oxford, she taught at the University of Milan and then joined Kingston. She has published on the British and the Italian Left after 1945; on memory and identity in post-war Italy; and, lately, on protest and social movements. Recent publications include: Protest, Popular Culture and Tradition in Modern and Contemporary Western European History (co-edited with Xabier Itcaina, Palgrave Studies in the History of Social Movements, 2017) and ‘Rough Music and Factory Protest in post-1945 Italy’, Past and Present, vol 228, no.1, August 2015. Thanks to a Leverhulme fellowship she is currently on research leave to complete a cultural history of industrial conflict in twentieth century Italy.